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[KISBY]

'KISBY/KISBEE/KISBEY'
 SURNAME ORIGINS





In the beginning there was...

keisby, lincs. Kisby, Kesby: Ralph de Kisebi 1205 Cur (L).
From Keisby (Lincs).

(A DICTIONARY OF BRITISH SURNAMES by P.H.Reaney, Routledge and Kegan Paul (1958))

Keasbey, Kisbee, Kisby, Kisbey.-
Local, 'of Keisby,' a hamlet in the parish of Lavington, co. Linc.

     (Dominus) de Kiseby, co. Linc., 1273. A.
(A DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH AND WELSH SURNAMES by C.W.Bardsley, Henry Frowde OUP Warehouse (1901))
The Lincolnshire Assize Rolls 1202-1209 mention both a Radulfum (Ralf) de Kisebi (1202) and, later, a Robertum de Kisebi - if my Latin was up to scratch maybe I could reveal more! In nearby Northamptonshire, Ralf appears again in the Assize Rolls of September 1202 which, fortunately, have been translated (thanks Judy).



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Kisby

The spelling 'Kisby' was well established in the late 1500's in the Fenland areas of eastern England. The spelling of a surname often changed within short spaces of time, usually at the whim of whoever was literate e.g. the local priest. Kisby is occasionally spelt 'Kizby' in official records (particularly in the parish registers of the town of Whittlesey in the late 1700s) which certainly indicates how it has been commonly pronounced. With the economic pressures on the rural population during the first half of the nineteenth century and spread of the railways in the 1850's the Fenland 'Kisby's' spread from their original geographical area across England (North London, Leicester, Durham, Lancashire etc.) and also overseas.

Kisby's were also in existence in the area of north Kent, England, from an early date. Whether these Kisby's originate from the English Fens is doubtful. There is a strong link with the surname 'Kesby' (see below).

Kisbee

'Kisbee' is one of the many spellings of the surname that appears in official records pre 1837. But 'Kisbee' arrived as a distinct, permanent surname variant in a small part of Northamptonshire and survives today worldwide. Judith Kisbee has traced her ancestors to the village of Barnwell, Northamptonshire, circa 1650. The Barnwell Kisbees were literate and wrote their own name, for example Thomas Kisbee (1709-1765) was baptised and married as 'Kisby' but known as 'Kisbee' by the time of his death (as were his surviving children). 'Kisbee' and 'Kisby' quite definitely share the same origins, considering their common geographical location in England.

Kisbey

There is evidence to suggest that the surname 'Kisbey' originates from Ireland. It occurs around Dublin in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It certainly spread from Ireland during the mid 19th century. Two 'Kisbey' brothers from Ireland founded the village of "Kisbey" in Saskatchewan, Canada. Whether the Irish Kisbey's have a different root to their name is open to question, certainly possible. Ronald Caseby (see below) points out that 'Kisbey' may be a derivation of the surname 'Caseby'. There is definitely evidence that the Kisby's of Northern Ireland originated from 'Casby' during the late 1800s.

Kesby

'Kesby' exists (and seems to originate) as a distinct surname in Kent, England, particularly in the south of the county. There is a definite connection to the 'Kisby's' of north Kent, who could be found in the mid 1800s around the Isle of Sheppey. The fact 'Kisby' is sometimes interchangeable with 'Kesby', even within the same family, maybe an outcome of the Kent accent. By the latter half of the 19th century the majority of the Kent Kisby's had reverted to the spelling 'Kesby' in official records.

Kisbye/Kiesby/Kisby

An independently occurring instance of the surname 'Kisby' can be found in Denmark and parts of Germany. This is believed to originate from the small village of "Kiesby" which is close to the current border between the two countries.

Gisby

'Gisby' is a relatively popular surname which also seems to originate from Kent, England. Phil Gisby believes the surname may have a French origin, from the surname 'Gisbourne'. However, there is also a possibility that it may have a connection to 'Kisby', if you consider that in Latin the letter 'K' was commonly pronounced similarly to the 'G'.



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Keisby nr. Bourne, Lincolnshire, England - containing, in 1856, 77 inhabitants and 1250 acres of land.

small bit of lincolnshire
© Crown Copyright Ordnance Survey. All rights reserved.
Keisby,Lincolnshire,
England
OS grid ref.
TF 037 286


Keisby
Li [Chisebi DB, Hy 2 DC, Kisebi Hy 2 DC, 1202 Ass] 'Kisi's BY'. ON Kisi, lit. 'cat', occurs as a byname.
(THE CONCISE OXFORD DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH PLACE-NAMES by E.K.WALL (1936))
Ass
DB
DC
Hy 2
Li
ON
=
=
=
=
=
=
Assize Rolls
Domesday Book (1086)
Danelaw Charters
King Henry II of England (1154-1189)
Lincolnshire, England
Old Norse


More recently, research from the University of Nottingham attributes the meaning as either 'Kisi's farm/settlement' or perhaps, 'sandy/gravelly farm/settlement'

See
kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/map/place/Lincolnshire/Keisby




KEISBY KEISBY LAKE MANOR HOUSE KEISBY HOUSE KEISBY





Click here for a transcript of Ronald Caseby's e-mail about the village of Keisby (which is now, after all, pronounced Case-by). Ron also shares his considered thoughts on the origins of Caseby/Keasby/Keisby/Kisby.






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last modified 04.00pm GMT 27 April 2014

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